Humanity is slowly waking up to the inevitable reality of climate change and its potential economic, social, and political repercussions. While some countries have been relatively fortunate to escape the wrath of the worsening changes in the world’s weather patterns, many of the most naturally vulnerable regions are preparing for the worst.
Europe, for instance, as part of the northern hemisphere, is experiencing an alarming pace of warming temperatures more than the global average. Because of this, experts have warned the country of multiple climatic hazards.
According to a related study, European mountain ranges such as the Pyrenees and the Alps will soon experience a dramatic glacier-melting temperature rise – and the Mediterranean is facing the same threat of extreme and drastic heat, possibly triggering a region-wide drought, forest fires, and crop failure.
Even countries fronting the Atlantic could suffer the opposite but similar fate, with experts predicting heavier rainfalls, bigger flood risks as well as continuous devastations from storms of unprecedented strength.
Recently, a massive earthquake shook the Turkish coast and the Greek Islands. Greece and Turkey, according to United Nations University for Environment and Human Security’s (UNU-EHS) World Risk Report in 2015, are among the countries in the continent vulnerable to natural disasters more specifically earthquakes.
These two major European countries are considered the most earthquake-prone countries in the region because of its unfortunate location, seated on the meeting point of Eurasian and African tectonic plates.
Since most Europeans live in the cities, urban development experts agree that focusing the attention on infrastructure can be the first line of defense against natural disasters and a long-term solution in coping with climate change. In fact, many cities have adapted similar plans like Copenhagen, Bratislava, London, and Almada in Portugal. Other major cities like Bologna, a medieval city prone to flooding and heatwaves, followed a totally different approach.